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Controversial Science: Inventors & Charlatans

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Thomas Henry Moray

Thomas Henry Moray (August 28, 1892 - May, 1974) was an inventor from Salt Lake City, Utah. Moray graduated from The Latter Day Saint's Business College. Moray studied electrical engineering through an international correspondence school course. He received a PhD in electrical engineering from the University of Uppsala. At the turn of the century, Moray developed a reported inexhaustible environmental energy source (by means of radiant energy).

In the 1920s, Thomas Henry Moray demonstrated a "radiant energy device" to many people who were unable to find a hidden power supply. Moray called his device a solid state detector or the Moray Valve (see article below) consisting of a large antenna connected to a complex series of high voltage capacitors, transformers, and semiconductors. By stimulating the existing oscillations of radiant energy from space the device ran for several days producing 50 kilowatts of power. The demonstrations attracted newspapers and scientists from Bell Laboratories and from the Department of Agriculture but none could attest to how the device actually operated nor could evidence of fraud be found. The device was eventually destroyed by his assistant Felix Pridgt(sp?), whom apparently was angered that Moray would not sell his device to corporate interests.

In the 1930s Moray developed advanced semiconductors and transistors.

Moray refused to sell his technology to corporate interests, fearing its misuse. Moray reported that he and his family had been threatened and shot at on several occasions and his lab ransacked to stop his research and public demonstrations.

Moray, as Nikola Tesla before him, was unsuccessful in introducing his devices working on this principle. Some report that his secret was forgotten. Moray tried for several patents to no avail.

Today T. Henry Moray's sons John and Richard have continued research to rediscover their father's inventions.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the leading user-contributed encyclopedia.  


Moray Valve

The Moray Valve, housed in the Moray Radiant Energy device, was a device created by Thomas Henry Moray, patent filed July 13, 1931. It consisted of a mixture of triboluminescent zinc, a semiconductor material, and a radioactive or fissile material formed in a rounded pellet inside a tube. Energy was produced by capturing zero point energy and converting it into electricity. The device was able to produce up to 50,000 watts for sustained periods of time in tests witnessed with signed statements by physicists, electrical engineers, and scientists.

History

The Moray Valve was produced as a result of experimenting by Thomas Henry Moray in the 1920s and 1930s. Upon its invention, Moray filed for a Patent, but the patent was refused. The U.S. Patent Office refused to grant Moray a patent because his device used a cold cathode in the tubes (contrary to scientific understanding of the day) and he failed to identify the source of the energy. Moray showed the device to electrical engineering professors, congressmen, dignitaries, and many guests. Reportedly, none were able to prove the device to be a hoax. This device has not be successfully reproduced since its destruction by a observer wielding a hammer in 1939. Thomas Henry Moray's son John Moray has been pursuing his father's technology in hopes of further development.

Energy Production

Components essential to the energy production were a special antenna, the valve itself, and some form of load. Antennas were made out of different types of highly conductive metals in a balanced and precise manner. The valve was essentially a specialized diode. When the machine was tuned to the resonance of zero point energy in the area, energy flowed through the antenna and to the valve. Instead of allowing this extremely high energy to disipate, the valve trapped the energy feeding the load. At that point matter in the vicinity was out of equilibrium with the zero point energy not returning, thereby an energy vacuum was created. In order to restore equilibrium, energy would flow toward the vacuum and in the process creating a greater capacity for the valve to "pump" electricity.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the leading user-contributed encyclopedia.

Source: http://www.answers.com/topic/moray-valve

Excerpts from The Sea of Energy [ From the original The Sea of Energy in Which the Earth Floats ] by Thomas Henry Moray:
http://www.rexresearch.com/moray2/morayrer.htm


On Thomas Moray

This article was in Fate Magazine, in September of 1956. It is just one of the stories that was dug up from the Vangard Sciences archives. It entails some of the work that Mr. Thomas Henry Moray was doing in attempting to tap into cosmic energy. Mr. Moray was developing an electric motor which would be able to run off this cosmic energy. Some of the devices he developed apparently worked, using silver and copper bars. This is very similar to some of the work John Keely had done with his Compound Disintegrator.

This electromagnetic zero-point energy is also known as the Casimir effect, named after researcher Milonni. The Casimir effect refers to an attractive quantum force between closely-spaced metal plates.


ALCHEMIST 1956


by Gaston Burridge
from Fate Magazine, September 1956


A salt Lake City man claims discovery of a new form of energy with which he performs metallurgical miracles.

Legend, if not history, has it that the alchemists of old searched for two things; how to make gold from baser metals, especially lead, and how to produce an elixir of life.

Some persons believe the alchemists were not searching for a new formula for making gold, but rather looking for information they believed was once known, then lost.

Gold has intrigued the minds of men since history was first recorded. In several lands gold was called the "sun metal". It was used in worship and to decorate holy places.

Modern scientists are not adverse to the idea that gold and other metals can be transmuted from materials not containing gold as we recognize it.

In fact, scientists already have transmuted gold! It is a terribly expensive process and the amount of gold is tiny, but it has been done. In addition, this man-made gold is radioactive and thus unstable. That is, it does not remain as made for very long. Rather, it changes into something else or just disappears.

This brings us to Thomas Henry Moray, of Salt Lake City, Utah, who claims to have made gold which is stable and long lasting enough to be assayed by the ordinary methods used to determine the presence of gold. He says his process uses no cyclotron or other atom- smashing device.

Not only does Moray say he has transmuted gold, but he writes me that he has produced, or perhaps "treated" is a better word, ordinary lead, "Pb", in such a way that it will not melt under 2000 degrees Fahrenheit!

Common lead melts at about 625 degrees Fahrenheit. Moray writes, "I mean 2000 degrees, not 2000 degrees Fahrenheit!." So, there is no question of a misplaced zero here!

Going into this matter of metallurgy still further, Moray says he has treated copper, "Cu", so it does not melt under 3000 degrees F. Ordinarily copper melts at about 1980 degrees F.

Moray also wrote me he has produced an alloy which will not melt under 12,000 degrees F.! This figure has been checked. He says, "Hundreds of persons have seen and tested these metals."

One ounce of lead treated by Moray's process, and afterward assayed by the Boaz Mine Laboratory, Norris, Mont., showed 35 cents in gold. Five ounces of soil, which assayed no gold at all before treatment, after Moray's treatment, assayed gold content at the rate of $122.50 per ton.Another interesting test was made by the Union Assay Office, Salt Lake City on about 50 c.c. of artesian water which showed no trace of gold before treatment. After treatment it assayed at the per ton rate of $10.50 in gold and $2.63 in silver!

It should be understood these experiments were not done on a commercial basis, but as a laboratory experiment. It should be remembered too, these metals did not "vanish" after the experiment was concluded but remained stable at least long enough to be run through standard assaying processes.

Mr. Moray has experimented along lines of increasing the radioactivity of certain already radioactive minerals by his process.

He says he has increased the activity of carnotite, uranium and other radioactive substances, including a combination of copper and lead!

Immediately, one is anxious to know how such wonderful things are accomplished. Therein, lies a set of secrets known completely only to T. H. Moray.

It would appear they may involve a whole new concept of things. Whether these concepts coincide with present scientific concepts of atomic structure I do not know.

T. H. Moray is an electrical engineer, born and brought up in Salt Lake City, Utah. Who's Who in Engineering carries the following information concerning him.

"Born August 28, 1892, Educated, public schools, Salt Lake City. Graduated from The Latter Day Saint's Business College there: completed an Electrical Engineering course with International Correspondence School. Took his E. E. degree, University of Upsala.

"Moray has held the following positions: Electrical Engineer and designer, Utah Power & Light Co., and the Phoenix Construction Co.; Assistant Chief Engineer, Arastard Construction & Engineering Co.; Division Electrical Engineer, Mountain States Telephone & Telegraph Co. He was also a consulting engineer in private practice."

"Moray has written articles for several publications dealing with electrical engineering matters. For many years now he has devoted much time to experimenting and developing what he chooses to call "the field of radiant energy".

It is through the application of this "radiant energy", then, that Mr. Moray stakes his claim for his many metallurgical accomplishments. Within this realm lie his secrets. Perhaps, like Sir Issac Newton, Moray is ahead of his time.

Just what is radiant energy? Where does it come from? How may it be used by man? These and a host of other questions must be answered.

Unfortunately much of this information is held secret by Mr. Moray. Even if it were available it would require a large volume to cover it.

However, we can make a beginning. Mr. Moray believes there exists a band of vibrations or waves "beyond the light rays". These vibrations come in surges or groups like ocean waves - a powerful first surge, followed by other less powerful and graduated surges which finally fade to nothing, only to begin over again immediately.

I have understood, not from Moray, that he first became aware of these strange surges early in his career, as he sat through the long nights, his car headlights "glued" to a silent set of telephone lines.

Here he first beard the regular but oscillatory "cadence of sounds" and wondered what produced them. During his search he discovered this force he chooses to call "radiant energy."

Moray has come to believe this force pervades all space. He believes one may tap it on the Moon, on Pluto, at the farthest point of the Milky Way, or anywhere between, as well as on Earth.

While Mr. Moray does not believe in "perpetual motion, perpetual light or perpetual power", he does think the supply of radiant energy is ample for all mankind's power needs indefinitely.

One of Moray's adherents wrote me, "I think Moray's radiant energy is the greatest invention of our time. Atomic energy is `peanuts' by comparison."

One may think as he pleases, of course, but it seems such a statement is a bit over-optimistic at this time. Nothing approaching so vast an accomplishment has been demonstrated thus far.

However, Nikola Tesla never made known all the results of his Colorado experiments and it is quite possible he learned something of a potential force similar to radiant energy but thought the world not ready for it. It is known that Moray is a close student of Tesla's work.

On the other hand, Moray gradually has perfected his device's output from a capacity to light one small incandescent light bulb to a present capacity claimed to be 50 kilowatts. Fifty kilowatts represents about 67 horsepower and, certainly, 67 horsepower is not to be disregarded. Many small factories do not use as much as 67 horsepower.

According to Moray, one of his present units can be built for about $800. Mass production methods might cut this price in half. Under these circumstances, a unit in a home would bring about a substantial saving in power bills over several years time.

As many as 100 persons have witnessed radiant energy demonstrations. Radiant energy, as it emerges from the Moray apparatus, may be considered a form of electricity. It is an alternating current, but an alternating current of very high frequency or cyclage.

This current will light ordinary incandescent light bulbs. The light which comes from these bulbs is called "pure white on the blue side, not on the yellow side as light given off when the same bulbs are lighted with commercial currents."

This light possesses high actinic qualities, which means t affects photographic films quickly and powerfully. Photographers who have exposed films in this light have found they are forced to "stop way down" to prevent over exposure.

If a photograph of a single bulb lighted with radiant energy is taken the print shows a large, dark ring, perpendicular to the base of the bulb. This ring looks like a circle of translucent black fog. It seems the light somehow reflects itself on the air, or projects a shadow of itself there.

Some persons who have seen radiant energy power lights say the bulbs look as if they were filled entirely with white light, as if the gas itself which fill the bulbs were fully incandescent. Moray believes this to be true.

Radiant energy will heat electric flat irons and other electrical heating devices. It is claimed heating capacities are reached much more quickly with radiant energy than with commercial currents, and are considerably hotter than when powered with ordinary electric energy.

The high frequency of radiant energy is responsible for this. Moray SAYS HE HAS LEARNED THE EXACT FREQUENCY OF RADIANT ENERGY but he will not disclose it. Further, he says voltmeters and ammeters used to measure commercial alternating currents will not measure radiant energy.

Electric motors wound to turn on commercial electricity will not operate on radiant energy. He says, "Motors wound to accept the frequency of radiant energy will operate."

(Morays' energy machine would only operate RESISTIVE DEVICES - VANGARD)

However, I learned elsewhere, that while such motors will operate they are not as efficient as motors running on ordinary commercial currents. Moray says when his motors are running in the dark they glow with a violet aura. His motors run cold!

The speeds of the radiant energy motors, as reported, are fantastic. Moray wrote me they turn over better than 36,000 revolutions per minute, more than 600 per second!

When I asked where he gets bearings to withstand such phenomenal speeds, Moray replied that he makes them. Thus I learned about his metallurgical work.

What sort of an apparatus is Moray's Radiant Energy Device? Briefly, it would appear to be similar to a radio receiving set of power proportions.

It is composed of two coils of wire, or inductancies. It contains several condensers, or capacitors, of different sizes.

There is a detector tube, or electronic valve, and two oscillator tubes. Added to this is a "bar of silver and a bar of copper", a starting device, and a step down electrical transformer, reported to be 1000-to-1, primary to secondary.

All of this is enclosed in a box measuring about 30 inches long by 16 inches wide by 16 inches high. It weighs about 50 pounds. There are no moving parts. Moray says there are no dangerous radiations surrounding the box when it is in operation.

Many persons have looked inside the box. Several have made more than a cursory examination of its contents - except for the detector tube!

The inductances are about eight and 10 inches in diameter. They are composed of several layers of wire. The diameter of the wire is much smaller than necessary to carry anything like 50 kilowatts of ordinary commercial electricity.

Probably, there is a direct relationship between the size of the wire and the number of turns of it on each coil. Further, it can be assumed the distance separating the two coils is important, as well as the direction in which the coils are wound.

Moray is silent as to the materials used in his capacitors or condensers. Neither does he tell their capacities. They vary in size but this is not indicative of capacity!

If one part of the apparatus is more important than another I would conclude it is the tubes or valves. Moray will not say much about these. He admits they do not contain an electrically heated filament whose radiations provide the means of carrying currents to different parts of the tube and which produce the valve action.

How, then, is this valve action produced? Moray does not say. I have learned, from other sources, of Moray's purchase of radioactive materials.

I have been informed by one source that Moray uses these radioactivities as the "carrying-currents" within his tubes. Exactly what the radioactive materials may be, I have not learned as yet.

Some say it is a uranium compound; others deny this. What is more, we do not know whether the detector tube and the oscillators use the same materials.

Being cold tubes, it can be assumed they are not vacuum tubes. However, Moray does have vacuum pumps in his laboratory. The tubes may be filled with gas. But if they are filled with a gas, what gas?

These tubes, especially the detector, seem to be the weakest links in the chain of parts in the Moray system. By far the greater number of times the demonstration apparatus has stopped because of troubles, it appeared the trouble lay in the detector tube.

Moray does not allow anyone to see the detector tube - apparently the big secret of the device lies there!

At the same time, the least understood of the device's mysteries is the function of the bar of silver and the bar of copper set side by side.

Are they "true" copper and silver? Or are they alloys -possibly treated with the very radiant energy they may help to produce? Have they been transmuted in some way? Are they only decoys? Are they a special type of air condenser? Are their lengths, widths, thicknesses, as well as their distance apart, important? All of these questions, and many, many more, flood into one's mind - and remain unanswered!

Early in his experiments Mr. Moray used both an antenna and a ground connection. He no longer uses either. This eliminates the possibility that he taps either current from power lines or from radio transmitters.

The longest known continuous run of the apparatus has been a little over 57 hours. It has been run nearly three times that long with short shutdowns for inspection of different parts.

Such long test runs pretty well spike any idea that Moray has batteries in the box. If he does have batteries in the box he has something new in batteries!

Even if Moray's device were a commercial item today - which it most certainly is not - it would be years before our present-day electrical power would become obsolete.

Perhaps it might never become outmoded. It is quite possible many uses made of commercial electricity could not be supplied by radiant energy.

We are quite sure radiant energy does not transmit well even over short distances. It seems quite possible that definite limits exist on the size of radiant energy units. There is some question as to how many such units could be operated within any given area. Further, what effect would radiant energy devices have upon radio and television reception and transmission?

It appears long research will be necessary before radiant energy can be more than an "interesting matter to ponder!" And within our lifetimes other forms of power generators may be commercialized.

Already we begin to hear of electricity so cheap it will not be metered! But little either comes or goes in a day. As always, time is both our enemy and our friend.

* * *

For further information on Mr. T. Henry Moray you can read the following books :

  • The Sea of Energy in which the Earth Floats by T. Henry Moray
  • Radiant Energy by T. Henry Moray
  • The Complex Secret of Dr. T. Henry Moray by Jorge Resines

These books can be obtained from either Borderland Sciences or Health Research. R.B.

 

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