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Big Bang Theory

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History The Theory Theory of Everything Resources Related Links
Fom Quasars to Black Holes Gravity
Made of Atomic Size Stars in a Clumpy Firework Universe

The Big Puzzles of the Universe

By Eugene Savov, author of Theory of Interaction

Summary: The discoveries at the outskirts of the accessible universe strongly question the big bang theory and ask for challenging alternatives. The confusing findings of galaxies when the big bang universe was less than 5% of its age are consistent with my “firework universe” that had lumpy fireworks like beginning, created from discovered 3D-spiral swirls of basic matter that ejected smaller ones from their cores. The one existing and unique “firework universe” has a center, which is like hyper huge atomic nucleus that ejected smaller ones that did the same and so on. In this way the 3D-spiral swirls of basic matter unfolded to smaller scales to create the fabric of reality. We are living on the surface of a gigantic nucleus called Earth, from whose kernel the atomic nuclei that build us were cast away in the moment of the Earth’s creation. Initially the Earth was bright blue star that cooled with the extinction of the source of atomic nuclei in its core. The production of new atoms in the innermost depths of the Earth makes its interior hot and accounts for its volcanic activity and lava upwelling mid ocean ridge.

The Hubble Ultra Deep Field discoveries of galaxies at fringes of the observable universe send the big bang theory in its next age crisis. There was simply not enough time after the big bang for these galaxies to form. The big bang was born from a point that can be infinitely dense, called singularity. Why did it come at all and what was the universe before the big bang is pretty uncertain. This makes the current understanding of the universe incomplete. The piling of puzzling observations at the outskirts of the observable universe asks for reconsideration of its current picture and for development of alternative theories. The content of the big bang universe is 4% Atoms (visible matter), 23% Cold Dark Matter, 73% Dark Energy [1]. We do not know what the dark matter is. The even more mysterious dark energy appears to account for the perplexing acceleration of the big bang universe expansion. How can one take seriously singularity allowing picture of the universe in which about of 96% of its content is uncertain? The increase of the number of mysteries from the near and distant space suggests that the fundamentals of current knowledge are erroneous and hence the big bang is wrong. The accumulation of paradoxes and big puzzles in the framework of modern physics indicates a need for its reconsideration and setup in a broader basic background.

Einstein’s general relativity and quantum mechanics present more than half-century old portrait of the universe at macro and micro scales. The current understanding of the universe is essentially incomplete. We have no idea what was the universe before the big bang.  What will come out of it as it ages is also controversial. The picture of the universe is based on four scale-dependent, seen as fundamental, interactions - gravitational, electromagnetic, weak and strong. These interactions work, respectively, between the space bodies, atoms and in the atomic nuclei.

About 10exp(26) atoms build one’s mind and their interaction place us somewhere between the seen as deterministic and probabilistic realities of classical physics and quantum mechanics. What creates what we see, including what we perceive as space and time, is a deep puzzle, which has been addressed since dawn of civilisation. Democritus (about 460-370 BC) believed that nature is made of indivisible particles called atoms. The advance of science into the structure of matter showed that atoms are made of electrons and nuclei bounded by electromagnetic interactions. The nuclei were split in atom crackers in a way that indicated underlying discrete structure, made of strongly coupled protons and neutrons. The high-energy collisions between protons and electrons showed that the protons also have a discrete structure, which is considered to be built from quarks. The quarks are puzzling enough because they can be found only in bounded states.

The more we dig into the structure of matter the more we find as we use greater energies for the acceleration of the colliding particles. It seems like never ending quest for the building blocks of nature. Modern physics considers structureless fundamental particles, which are born from uncertain matter antimatter asymmetry, appearing a singularity allowing big bang universe beginning. Should matter complicate inward, toward its source, or we simply create complications, like the observed diversity of fundamental particles, as we enter the intimate depths of nature riding on faster and faster colliding particles. Modern physics [2] shows only how nature appears in one’s mind. Why things occur as they do can be told only in the terms of their discovered structure. So the quest for this all-explaining structure goes on.

We live in a universe full of similarities. For example, we see similar galaxies, stars, planets and elements in the near and distant universe. The behaviours of the forms of life are similar. They all seek to feed, to mate and so to propagate, which means to exist. The universal similarities make nature accessible to mind [3]. For example, we can study genetics on short living creatures like plants, fruit flies and mice. We can feed fruit flies with genetically modified foods and so assess the effect of these foods after many generations. The omnipresent similarities of bodies and behaviours suggest a self-similar underlying structure that is a key toward a complete scale-independent picture of the universe [3]. Lee Smolin argues that the underlying structure of nature is to be found in the logic of evolution [4]. This bold idea has a deep unexplored potential in a universe that shows ubiquitous similarities. For instance, you may consider the omnipresent synchronisation. Fireflies set their lights in synchronisation, girls living in one room synchronise their menstrual periods [5] and we also sing and dance in synchronisation. If a given property persists in far different objects, then it is very likely that this property arises from the fabric of reality. The self-similarity [3], the craving of nature for synchronisation [5], the persistence of spiral shapes [6, 7, 3] and the similar behaviours of different forms of life, all these indicate a set of basic properties yet to be studied.

The patterns of nature show striking similarities, which are hard to understand in the current scale dependent classical and quantum descriptions. Swarms of bets, birds, fishes or mosquitoes move like drops or waves of fluid. It looks as these far different creatures show enigmatic collective behaviour, which is similar to that of fluid molecules. Somehow this pattern of interaction persists along the micro and macro scales – producing similar shapes like clouds of mosquitoes and clouds of smoke. It seems that everybody does the same at scales of its own [3]. The sources of interaction synchronise into larger sources that do the same. Thus multiscale sources of interaction are created, some seen as molecules others as forms of life.

The universal self-similarity suggests a self-similar underlying structure that will offer a simpler scale-invariant description of nature. This description accounts for what we see as space, time, cosmic bodies, atoms and light [3]. The principle of parsimony, known as Occam’s razor [8], supports the simpler description of nature. This fundamental principle requires not doing with more, e.g. with more assumptions, what can be done with less. Hence the simpler theory has a basic advantage until proven wrong.  So the big bang theory sent into oblivion the steady state theory of the universe. It offered a simpler explanation of the discovered cosmic microwave background as a relic radiation left after the big bang. The iteration of simple rules can generate complex behaviours [e.g., 9-11]. This basic finding suggests that there is an underlying simplicity in nature and multiple interactions (iterations, computations) can create the observed diversity in one’s mind. Moreover there is universal equivalence between the bodies when they are described in the terms of their discovered fractal like 3D-spiral structure [3]. Stephen Wolfram’s principle of computational equivalence [11] and Einstein’s energy and mass equivalence are just two cases of the revealed universal equivalence. Wolfram’s insights are amazingly deep when he considers the universal application of simple rules in the observed complexity buildup.

The similar shapes and behaviours hint that the long sought unifying interaction should be scale-independent and so it will account for the observed complexity of nature with simple laws. Then the universe and its perplexed by discoveries observer will originate from scale-independent interactions, whose self-similarity suggests an underlying fractal like structure [3]. The properties of the whole can be found in one that belongs to a self-similar (fractal like) construction. Hence the final revelation will be in finding the universe in one that is in one’s underlying structure. It turns out that the universe has a 3D-spiral code, which is in each of its bits like the DNA double helix is in every cell of life [3]. Lee Smolin is right the logic of evolution is a key to understanding the universe.
 

The singularity in the big bang universe beginning suggests that the big bang is wrong. The big bang is just a complicated stage in the understanding of the universe like the Ptolemaeus’ (about 100-170 AD) epicycles. The discovered 3D-spiral fabric of reality shows that the 3D-spiral building blocks of the universe unfold to smaller ones, thus simply explaining structure buildup at all scales.  Nature is made of huge 3D-spiral basic bricks that create similar ones in their wombs rather than from elementary particles created in assumptions charged big bang universe beginning. The only assumption in Eugene Savov’s theory of interaction is that something exists, the rest is a simple qualitative reasoning. The theory of interaction removes the singularity in the universe beginning and presents a  “firework universe” to challenge the big bang.

Eugene Savov shows that space, time and everything are the way in which we see multiscale 3D-spiral basic blocks of nature. We find in our senses more than what is enough for a proper description of reality. The created redundancy in the process of perception baffles one’s mind.
 

Something exists, some form of matter, independent of how we see it. It does exist. It attracts itself. Then it bounces back and tears smaller ones from its structure, thus creating the finite sources of reality according to Eugene Savov’s theory of interaction. All you need to understand this theory is your inborn capability for simple logical reasoning.

Eugene Savov’s theory of interaction does not reject the modern physics. This qualitatively new theory simply shows how the laws and the principles of the classical and quantum physics can be derived from the revealed fractal like fabric of reality, when it is perceived at the scales of the process of observation [3]. Therefore the theory of interaction broadens the understanding of nature up to the discovered frames of existence.


 

The universe is made of 3D-spiral swirls of basic matter that eject like fireworks smaller ones from their nuclei. In this way the “firework universe” had a lumpy beginning that simply accounts for the discovered normal galaxies and heavy elements at the fringes of the accessible cosmos and also for the enigmatic dark matter [3].

Eugene Savov’s “firework universe” is made of large building blocks that cast away smaller ones from their cores, instead from seen as elementary particles that are believed to be born from mysterious matter-antimatter asymmetry, created in even more uncertain big bang universe beginning. The initiation of cosmic structure buildup in the big bang universe is poorly understood. The discovered huge 3D-spiral basic bricks of matter set their offspring in motion around their nuclei and so account for the enigmatic dark matter of the universe. We see only the inner parts of the bodies because they move faster inward and thus become denser and visible [3].

The just born “firework universe” was made of 3D-spiral sources of unifying interaction, i.e. 3D-spiral swirls of basic matter that ejected smaller ones from their cores and drove them around with their outer 3D-spirally moving structure [3]. The “firework universe” is made of multiscale nuclei that cast away smaller ones that move around their sources all moving around the hyper huge 3D-spiral nucleus of the universe. The 3D-spiral contractions and expansions of the fabric of reality make it finite and its picture complete, while the big bang theory allows singularity in the universe beginning and so presents incomplete picture of the universe.

The universe is made of 3D-spiral swirls of interaction or in other words 3D-spiral swirls of “basic matter”. The swirls fold and unfold ejecting smaller ones from their cores. Thus the observed structure of reality is created in a way simpler than what the so-called elementary particles can offer. These particles are born from mysterious matter-antimatter asymmetry that appeared in even more enigmatic big bang, when the universe came from nothing. Why the big bang universe came at all is pretty puzzling. Eugene Savov’s theory of interaction considers the big WHY of current knowledge [3].

Prediction No. 1: Observer in the “firework universe” will see galaxies, light and heavy elements at all cosmic scales [3].

Confirmation of Prediction No. 1: The discoveries of galaxies [12-15], string of galaxies [16, 17] and heavy elements [18] in the far distant universe confirm Eugene Savov’s “firework universe” and the revealed 3D-spiral code of nature. The latter shows how galaxies, light and heavy elements were born from one 3D-spiral structure that suddenly ejected smaller ones from its core, the smaller ones did the same and so on [3]. Light came last in the space created from the much larger sources of interaction [3].

The structure of reality unfolds at basic level to smaller scales instead of being made from small elementary particles that generated dark matter problem and cannot simply account for the observed clumpiness of matter at cosmic scales [3].

“Astronomers believe large galaxies grew slowly, merging with and consuming small galaxies over billions of years. But two researchers are suggesting this occurred faster than astronomers thought. They've found that relatively large galaxies — those the size of our own Milky Way Galaxy — were already present within a billion years of the Big Bang. [12]”

The discovered most distant galaxies and very distant string of galaxies are consistent with a lumpy universe beginning. The “firework universe” began with sudden ejection of enormous 3D-spiral lumps. They similarly ejected smaller ones from their cores. The smaller ones did the same and so on. In this way the basic bricks of nature unfolded to smaller scales in something like all-building cosmic turbulence that accounts in the simplest way for everything as shown in Eugene Savov’s theory of interaction [3].

The discoveries of normal galaxies and heavy elements at the fringes of the accessible space question the current understanding of the universe  [12-15, 18]. These rather confusing discoveries have to be added to the many confirmations of Eugene Savov’s “firework universe” in which galaxies, light and heavy elements should be observed at all cosmic scales [3].

The accessible universe is like a cosmic cloud that is observed from an “electron” called Earth that orbits an “atomic nucleus” - the Sun that similarly moves around its source – the nucleus of our Galaxy that similarly moves around its source – the Great Attractor [19] and so on. All move around the discovered center of the universe – one hyper huge 3D-spiral nucleus from which the smaller ones were cast away in fireworks like mode of one existing and unique universe creation [3].

The river of galaxies that indicates existence of a pull from mysterious dark matter [19] is driven by the outer 3D-spiral structure of the Great Attractor in which the river of galaxies is merged. Similarly, the much smaller 3D-spirial structure, seen as the gas giant planet Jupiter, drives its outer atomic shell to create the observed perplexing latitudinal wind bands. The river galaxies is like a wind belt of a gas giant planet, both driven by the outer 3D-spiral structure of their sources.

The creation of new atomic matter, i.e. much smaller 3D-spiral swirls, in the discovered nuclei of stars, planets and planetary like moons makes the interiors of these space bodies hot. Every body expands from its source. The expansion of the very small 3D-spiral swirls, seen as light, along their long trip from the distant galaxies creates the cosmic redshift [3]. The theory of interaction explains the phenomena in the terms of their revealed structure rather than with analogies taken from better-observed phenomena. For example, the cosmic redshift is considered in the big bang theory as Doppler effect, which is inferred from the observed increase or decrease of the sound frequency that comes from the whistle of a train that draws near or moves away. Eugene Savov’s theory of interaction tells what creates the observation itself in the terms of its discovered underlying structure.

Prediction No. 2: It is very likely that the number density of the most distant galaxies, which will be found around four mutually perpendicular lines of sight, would show some anisotropy, which depending on the size of the observed part of the sky will be created from the source of the accessible “firework universe” or from the sources of these most distant galaxies. Similarly, the density of an atmospheric cloud increases earthward - toward the discovered giant atomic like nucleus of the Earth that ejected a great number of very much smaller atomic nuclei in the first moments of the observed universe creation [3]. The atomic and galactic nuclei are created similarly at scales of their own. They were all cast away from 3D-spirally contracting and expanding, i.e. vibrating, larger ones. These far different in size nuclei are seen as atmospheric clouds and as a cloud of galaxies, which is known as the accessible universe.

The just born “firework universe” was made of multiscale bright blue stars [3]. The smaller moved around their sources - the larger ones. The larger moved around their sources – the galactic nuclei. All moved around their most initial source, the grand-grand-…mother of everybody that is the revealed 3D-spiral nucleus of the universe in which the basic matter remains always finite by 3D-spiral contractions and expansions. The cooling of this “firework universe” created the cosmic microwave background radiation and its structure, seen as hotter spots that should have the sizes of the 3D-spiral sources of galaxies. The cooling of the smaller stars created what we see now as planets and planetary like moons [3].

Prediction No. 3: The cosmic microwave background anisotropy has to have angular scale associated with the sources of galaxies, which are very massive objects of Great Attractor [19] type. The angular anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation should have a peak that corresponds to the space scale created from the discovered sources of galaxies. This space scale is larger than that of the galactic clusters and smaller than that of the universe. Prediction 3 originates from the discovered 3D-spiral code of nature and is well in agreement with observation - “Previous ideas had suggested that, once the subsequent history of the Universe is accounted for, the distribution of fluctuations would be independent of scale. However, the current results show that the fluctuations are most apparent at an angular scale of about ½ degree, the size of the Moon in the night sky. On both larger (the size of the Universe) and smaller (the size of a cluster of galaxies) scales, these variations in density and temperature are much less [20, 21].” The confirmation of Prediction No. 3 is given in the figure described as "The angular power spectrum of CMB anisotropies measured by the VSA. The structure of the spectrum exhibits the characteristic peak-trough behaviour indicative of adiabatic initial conditions from inflation." in the link [20].

Prediction No. 4: The discovered 3D-spiral structure of reality will allow obtaining elegant solutions of physical and mathematical problems after their expression in its universal terms [3].

According to Eugene Savov’s theory of interaction the fabric of reality is made of 3D-spirally contracting and expanding (vibrating, oscillating) swirls of basic matter that create the finite building blocks of one existing and unique “firework universe”. These swirls move faster inward and thus become denser inward. So some become visible toward their nuclei. The universe has a center that is like hyper huge atomic nucleus from which smaller similar nuclei spawn. These smaller nuclei do the same and so on. The galactic nuclei, the atomic nuclei, the electrons and the light are just some of the created multiscale nuclei, the centers of the multiscale 3D-spiral swirls of basic matter that build the structure of the universe. The expansion of the 3D-spiral structure of light as it ages traveling from the distant galaxies creates the cosmic redshift. Everything expands as it comes from its source [3]. That is because the laws of interaction, which are the long sought rules of creation, are independent of the sizes of the coupling bodies. The discovered multiscale 3D-spiral basic bricks of matter are simply described at the scales of observation with the laws and principles of modern physics.

The creation of new atomic nuclei in the Earth’s center makes its atomic shell thicker, the Earth expands [22] and its rotation slows down, that is the length of the day increases as the Earth ages [3] in accordance with some geological studies [23]. The production of new atomic nuclei from the giant 3D-spiral nucleus of the Earth keeps its interiors hot and accounts for the lava upwelling mid ocean ridge and the volcanic activity. We are made of star like atoms, born from the huge nucleus of our planet in the moment of its ejection from the grater nucleus of the Sun. The Earth and the other planets are small stars whose surfaces had cooled long before the appearance of life and consciousness in this world. We are made of atomic size stars [3, 24].

The universe is like a hyper huge atom whose nucleus ejected smaller ones that similarly did the same and so on. The universe is made of multiscale 3D-spiral swirls of basic matter, whose cores depending on their size are seen as galactic nuclei, stars, planets, atoms, electrons and light. The sources of all-building interaction are spawned from the hyper huge nucleus of the discovered one existing and unique “firework universe” [3].

The universe is one hyper huge 3D-spiral swirl of basic matter whose multiscale contractions and expansions generate smaller ones that similarly do the same. The interaction of the produced multiscale 3D-spiral building blocks of matter creates its puzzling clumpy structure at every scale. Matter moves faster inward in its 3D-spiral swirls thus making them denser inward. The cores of some swirls are dense enough to be visible like stars, planets, atoms, and light.

Everything contracts and expands, oscillates, vibrates and so looks for a partner to synchronize and thus to unfold its structure (energy) in a process called universal scale fitting [3]. Fireflies cluster on trees and walls [5], galaxies make clusters, strings and walls, we sing choirs, etc. Thus bodies synchronize the interactions that build them and so expand in what are seen as puzzling pattern formation, self-organization and appearance of life [3].   Matter moves 3D-spirally faster inward and so oscillates at higher frequencies inward [3]. Space and time and everything else are just how we see the multiscale 3D-spiral fractal like fabric of reality [3]. Once we have a proper qualitative understanding of nature we can develop more accurate mathematical models.

The universe is a harmony of 3D-spiral swirls of basic matter. The higher tones come from the nuclei of the larger ones. Look for harmony and fun in the outer atomic shell of the huge nucleus called Earth.

Copyright 2004 by Eugene Savov.
Printed with permission.

Eugene Savov website: 
http://www.eugenesavov.com
 


References

 

  1. NASA_WMAP-Winning Theories
  2. Davies, P., The New Physics, 1992
  3. Savov, E., Theory of Interaction the Simplest Explanation of Everything, 2002
  4. Smolin, L., The Life of the Cosmos, Oxford University Press, 1997
  5. Strogatz, S., Sync: The Emerging Science of Spontaneous Order, 2003
  6. Cook, T.A., The Curves of Life, Dover Pubns, 1979
  7. Ball, P., Self-Made Tapestry, Oxford University Press, 1998
  8. Principia Cybernetica Web: Occam's Razor
  9. Strogatz, St. H., Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos, Perseus Publishing, 1994
  10. Alligood, K., T. Sauer and J. A. Yorke eds., Chaos, Springer Verlag, 1996
  11. Wolfram, S., A New Kind of Science, Wolfram Media, Inc., 2002
  12. Astronomy:  Science News Article  "Galaxies - Distant Milky Ways"
  13. Astronomy: Science News Article  " Record Breaking Galaxies"
  14. Astronomy Article: "Farthest Galaxy Provides Baby Picture of the Universe"
  15. NASA: Hubble News Centre - "Hubble's Deepest View Ever ..."
  16. http://au.arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0311279
  17. NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center:  "GIANT GALAXY STRING DEFIES MODELS OF HOW UNIVERSE EVOLVED"
  18. Astronomy Article: "lron Adds Wrinkle to Universe" 
  19. http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr162/lect/gclusters/attractor.html
  20. http://www.jb.man.ac.uk/news/vsa2/
  21. http://www.ras.org.uk/html/press/jod0402.html
  22. http://users.indigo.net.au/don/links.html
  23. Williams, G. E., Geological constraints on the Precambrian history 
    of Earth’s rotation and the Moon’s orbit, Reviews of Geophysics
    Vol. 38, No. 1, 37-59, 2000.

  24. MADE OF ATOMIC SIZE STARS IN A CLUMPY FIREWORK UNIVERSE 
    http://www.world-mysteries.com/toi_esavov.htm


Related BooksR


Theory of Interaction the Simplest Explanation of Everything

by Eugene Savov

  
Book Description

The proposed, third for the last one hundred years, picture of the universe lacks the basic flaws of the big bang theory and explains many puzzling observations in the near and distant space. A small part of the book requires a space physics background, while most of it is written in a highly explanatory, sometimes entertaining, language. This makes the presented ideas and findings accessible to non-scientists and scientists of all persuasions. It is shown that complexity originates in the observer's mind from the discovered amazingly simple structure of reality. The book asks too many questions, gives answers, tells attractive puzzles and extraordinary predictions. Everybody interested in the origin of the universe, life and mind will be deeply thrilled by the disclosed counterintuitive simplicity of nature. The simplicity of explanation can be challenged only with a greater simplicity because of the principle of economy, which is a basic tool in science, technology and engineering. This principle says that it is a vanity to do with more what can be done with less. Nothing is simpler than one self-reproducing interaction, whose multiscale similar outcomes account for everything. The author discovered this spirally contracting and expanding interaction and the consequent fireworks like universe beginning in 1991. The book brings to light his surprising findings and their confirmation by considerations and too many observations. It is well known that nothing is more practical than a good theory. So the improvement of the quality of life depends on the advance of knowledge. The revealed firework universe rocks with its stunning self-consistence as it lucidly explains the perplexing matter-antimatter asymmetry, the normal galaxies at the fringes of the observable universe, the creation of galaxies, stars and planets, the origin of life, consciousness and many other enigmatic phenomena.


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