Atlantis: Concealed and Revealed
by Jesse Neel
Atlantis . . . just the mention of the word conjures images of magical
crystals, laser beams, undersea ships, and ancient flying machines. A mystical
land of Eden-like qualities populated by a Utopian society where all needs are
provided and all wants fulfilled. A place where fantasy and reality are blurred
by the imagination of man.
Yet, we continue to pursue the dream as a tangible fact. We have chased the
island continent to the four corners of the globe and across the seven seas, all
the while, questioning our reason and our sanity in the pursuit of what may or
may not be.
This conception has been our folly, and our failure. We have been seeking an
illusion in a dreamlike state. Searching for what we know to be fleeting and
unobtainable, but unable in our nature to release the false ideals that lurk in
the corridors of our minds. We have abandoned that sensible place in our
conscience that tells us we are gathering bouquets of clouds.
In our rush to reveal to ourselves that which we crave most, we have lost our
way. Eden is a faded photo and Utopia is but a wishful wisp. We have been
charging our quest with vapors and driving our efforts in a vacuum. Atlantis is
not a warm summer’s eve or a soft-spoken sonnet. Nor does it exist on that
ethereal plain where all is ease and comfort.
Atlantis is not an ideal or an emotion, but a concrete and factual location.
A place where men and women toiled and tilled, gathered and ground, and forged a
life for themselves and a future just as you or I do today. A place where
generations of humanity planned and built on the labors and knowledge of those
who came before them. A civilization that carried trade and original thought
across the entire globe. A culture, by virtue of its ancient origins, that has
affected the history and destiny of planet Earth.
How is this possible? More to the point, I think, is where was this possible.
I will not take you to all the probabilities. I will not drag you through all
the peradventures of previous thought, or tease you through a tale of tedious
information and then leave you to come to your own conclusions. I am going to
take you to there. I am going to show you the elephant, not the footprint. I
will lead you from the alpha to the omega, from the genesis of the geology to
the revelation of the reality. In the beginning, there was an end. The end of
the world as it was known . . . 65 million years ago.
Plato, in his dialogue Critias, gives us a description of our long lost
ancestors, their country, and their capital city. This description, as he
relates it to us, was given to the Greeks by priests of Egypt. This point is of
note as Egypt will play a significant role in our discovery.
Of the formation of the capital city, Plato writes:
“In the days of old the gods had the whole earth distributed among them by
allotment. And Poseidon, receiving for his lot the island of Atlantis . . . an
island greater in extent than Libya and Asia. . . . Looking towards the sea, but
in the center of the whole island, there was a plain which is said to have been
the fairest of all plains and very fertile. Near the plain again, and also in
the center of the island . . . there was a mountain not very high on any side. .
. . Poseidon . . . breaking the ground, enclosed the hill . . . making alternate
zones of sea and land larger and smaller, encircling one another; there were two
of land and three of water, which he turned as with a lathe, each having its
circumference equidistant every way from the center . . . and gave the
impression that a work of such extent, in addition to so many others, could
never have been artificial.”
Plato has given us a description of a prehistoric island of continental
proportions with an enormous geological feature attributed not to the physical
efforts of man, but to the natural act of a God. There is only one event that
could be considered an act of God (Nature) that would cause the formation of
immense concentric rings on the Earth and at the same moment produce a mound or
hill, known as central uplift, at its center - the impact of a comet or
asteroid. The impact crater must be located at or near sea level since Atlantis
is referred to as an island that allows the depressed zones to be filled with
sea water. Keeping in mind that the story Plato is recounting took place during
the last ice age when sea levels were dramatically lower, we are seeking a
crater that is completely or partially covered by an ocean or sea, and has
endured 11,000 years of sedimentary buildup and/or wind and rain erosion since
the destruction of Atlantis. Before that, depending on the actual age of the
impact, the crater may have endured thousands or even millions of years of the
But, Plato doesn’t stop there, he gives us a further description of the land:
“. . . very lofty and precipitous on the side of the sea, but the country
immediately about and surrounding the city was a level plain, itself surrounded
by mountains which descended towards the sea; it was smooth and even, and of an
oblong shape. . . .”
This information assists in narrowing the search. We now know that the crater
is submerged, or at least partially, and sets on a large, level, and oblong
plain, surrounded by mountains. Considering the levels of the seas at that time,
we are almost certainly to find what we are looking for on a continental shelf.
But where in the world is crater incognito?
The final clues imparted to us by the ancient philosopher are those which
will lead us to our objective, albeit indirectly:
“He (Poseidon) also begat and brought up five pairs of twin male children . .
. the eldest, who was the first king, he named Atlas, and after him the whole
island and the ocean were called Atlantic. . . . All these (twins) and their
descendants for many generations were the inhabitants and rulers of diverse
islands in the open sea . . . they held sway . . . as far as Egypt. . . .”
They held sway as far as Egypt. Atlantis came to and end approximately 11,000
years ago, but for generations before that the Atlantians held sway over Egypt.
The significance of this one line that was not lost to the ages, this one tiny
bit of information that came to Greece directly from Egypt, will change the
history of the world. How many hundreds or thousands of years did these
seafaring people carry on trade with the citizens of the Mediterranean? And
where is the evidence of their rule? They were also “rulers of diverse islands
in the open sea.” Which Islands?
We should begin where they held sway . . . Egypt. The Egyptians began
recording their own history about 3200 B.C.E., and they wrote on everything.
They wrote on skins, they wrote on papyrus, and they wrote on stone. They wrote
on their walls, their buildings, their monuments and their tombs. With all this
information written all across Egypt, there should be some mention of a
civilization that controlled two continents and the largest ocean on the planet.
But there isn’t. Not a word, not a whisper. When it comes to Atlantis, we run
into a blank wall - literally. What we have missed is what is missing.
There is one place in Egypt where the walls do not speak and the temples have
no voice. No inscriptions of any kind are found here; no carving, no painting,
not even graffiti. Ironically, these structures surround, and are related to,
the most famous testament to silence in the world - The Sphinx. The statue is an
anomaly in itself. All the other representations of gods, or pharaohs as gods,
are shown as human bodies with animal heads. The Sphinx is the only presentation
of an animal’s body with a human head. And, the head is terribly out of
proportion to what would have been the original body. The original body having
been worn away by thousands of years of rainfall and repaired numerous times.
There is one more small piece of information about the great mute monstrosity.
It faces the rising of the constellation Leo, as it appeared some 15,000 years
ago during the last ice age, when Atlantis ruled Egypt. So here we have a
complex that is out of place and out of time with the ancient Egyptian culture.
Does this give us the location of the lost capital city of our ancestors? No,
but it shows us the way.
Egypt is our weigh station. It is our connection from the writings of Plato
to the next clue in our quest. Though no written proof of Atlantis remains in
Egypt today, at one time, Egypt was the intellectual and artistic capital of the
ancient world. In 332 B.C.E. Alexander the Great conquered Egypt and founded his
namesake metropolis Alexandria. On the death of Alexander in 323 B.C.E. his
empire was divided among his generals and Ptolemy was appointed governor of
Egypt. Alexandria became a center of Hellenistic culture and contained a great
library founded by Ptolemy I that was said, by the time of its destruction in
the 3rd century C.E., to have contained 700,000 volumes. Scholars, scientists,
and artisans from across the known world made pilgrimages to the great city to
learn and return to their respective realms. The information was copied and
carried to and from every nation and country for six centuries. The loss of the
library at Alexandria was the single greatest tragedy in history. The collective
mind of all humanity was erased forever, including Egypt’s Atlantian heritage.
Or was it?
Egyptian priests managed to save a few scraps and scrolls, but nothing
pertaining to Atlantis. We must look elsewhere. Surely somewhere on the planet
something of the original library exists. Some document, or diagram, or perhaps
a map exists that will give us some hint of that which we seek.
Istanbul (Constantinople) is a seaport at the entrance to the Black Sea and
Turkey’s largest city. Founded by Greek colonists in the 7th century B.C.E. as
the capital of the Byzantine Empire it still exists today. In 334 B.C.E. the
city accepted Macedonian rule and, when Alexander died, became a part of the
Hellenistic culture along with Egypt. In 330 C.E. Constantine I chose Byzantium
as the site of New Rome and renamed the city Constantinople. The city was sacked
by the armies of the 4th Crusade in 1204 and the Latin Empire of Constantinople
was created. But, in 1261 Michael VIII reclaimed the city for the Byzantines. In
1453, after a long siege, Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Turks and became
the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
Piri Reis was an Admiral in the Navy of the Ottoman Turks, and was involved,
often on the winning side, in numerous sea battles of the mid-16th century. He
was, in addition, a cartographer and considered to be an expert on the area
around the Mediterranean Sea. He was the author of a famous nautical book, known
as the Kitabi Bahriye, which provided a comprehensive description of the coasts,
harbors, currents, shallows, landing places, bays and straits of the Aegean and
In Constantinople, sometime in 1513, the Admiral produced a
map of the western coast of Africa, the eastern coast of South America, the Gulf
of Mexico and the northern coast of Antarctica. Admiral Reis could not have
acquired the information on this latter region from contemporary explorers
because Antarctica remained undiscovered until 1818 C.E., more than 300 years
after he drew the map.
The ice-free coast of Antarctica shown on the map is a
puzzle because the geological evidence confirms that the latest probable date
that the antarctic could have been surveyed and charted in an ice-free condition
is 4000 B.C.E. In other words, the true enigma of this 1513 map is not its
inclusion of a continent that was not discovered until 1818 but rather its
depiction of the coastline of that continent under ice-free conditions that came
to an end 6,000 years ago and have not since recurred.
This profile remained
completely hidden from view from 4000 B.C.E. (when the advancing ice-sheet
covered it) until it was revealed again during a seismic survey of Antarctica
(Queen Maud Land) that was carried out in 1949 by a joint British-Swedish
scientific team. Additionally, the Falkland Islands appear on the 1513 map at
their correct latitude although they remained undiscovered until 1592.
Turkish Admiral gives no clue as to the identity of the cartographers who had
produced the earlier maps, but in a series handwritten notes on the map itself,
he honestly admits that his role was merely that of the compiler and copyist and
his own map was derived from a large number of source maps.
Some of these had
been drawn by contemporary or near-contemporary explorers (including Christopher
Columbus), who had by then reached South America and the Caribbean, but others
were documents of great antiquity. Some of the source maps the Admiral had made
use of were based on even older sources, which in turn had been based on sources
originating in the farthest antiquity. They must have been collected and studied
in the great library of Alexandria, compiled by the geographers who worked
there, then transferred to other centers of learning - notably Constantinople.
Unbelievable as it may appear, the evidence indicates that ancient people
explored Antarctica when its coasts were free of ice. The source maps that Piri
Reis used to draw his 1513 map were lodged in either the library at the
University of Istanbul (founded 1453) or the Imperial Library at Constantinople,
both of which the Admiral is known to have enjoyed privileged access. These
source maps no longer exist or have yet to be rediscovered. It was, however, in
the library of the old Imperial Palace at Constantinople that the Piri Reis map
was found, painted on a gazelle skin and rolled up on a dusty shelf. The Piri
Reis Map also portrays a large island in the Atlantic Ocean to the east of the
South American coast where no such island now exists. It is not coincidence that
this "imaginary" island turns out to be located right over the Mid-Atlantic
Ridge where the Rocks of St. Peter and St. Paul now jut above the waves. This
relevant source map was drawn from a library of ancient sources, compiled deep
in the last Ice Age, when sea levels were far lower than they are today and a
large island would have been exposed at this spot. In fact, the Admiral’s map is
peppered with “diverse islands in the open sea.” Most of them tending toward the
Gulf of Mexico.
A grid map of the Piri Reis map has been produced to show the approximate
latitudes and longitudes of the islands and land masses. Also, the features of
the original map have been numbered and labeled on the grid for reference and
shows the Gulf of Mexico has been swung through an arc of about 78 degrees to
fit on the medium. This is the section with which we are most concerned.
On the grid there is an island that lies between 17 and 22 degrees north
latitude, and 82 and 92 degrees west longitude. This Island is numbered 25 and
identified as Cuba. This island is not Cuba. This island is the Yucatan
Peninsula. While Cuba and the Yucatan do lie in about the same latitude (17 to
22 degrees), it is the Yucatan that lies in the proper longitude. During the
last ice age the Yucatan Peninsula was much larger (east to west), due to the
lower water levels, and would have covered the area approximately 82 to 92
degrees west longitudes. Cuba would not have been much larger (east to west) and
would lie approximately where it does now, 75 to 85 degrees west longitude. What
does this correction mean to us? The most astonishing and exciting scientific
finds of the new millennia.
On the Turkish Admiral’s original map, north of the supposed island of Cuba,
there are three rectangular figures. At a glance these three figures would
appear to be nothing more than another cluster of islands. But, when placed in
context with the words of Plato, they take on a whole new meaning.
“The entire circuit of the wall, which went round the outermost zone, they
covered with a coating of brass, and the circuit of the next wall they coated
with tin, and the third, which encompassed the citadel, flashed with the red
light of orichalcum.”
These three small figures; one silver (tin), one gold (brass), and one red (orichalcum)
are the walls of the capital city of Atlantis. Each of the walls has a gate
notch in its top and when a straight line is passed through these notches, the
line points directly at the northern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula. And, we all
know what lies at the tip of the Yucatan Peninsula - the Chicxulub Impact
Sixty-five million years ago a comet or asteroid struck the Peninsula and
caused deep ripples on the planet similar to a drop of rain in a puddle. The
resultant blast brought an end to the reign of the dinosaurs, and changed the
course of evolution. Despite the millions of years of climatic erosion and
tectonic shifts - or perhaps because of it - our ancestors came across the
circular channels and made them their home. These ripples remain today partially
covered by the waters of the Gulf of Mexico and filled with sediments.
There sits the lost capital city of Atlantis, half concealed and half
revealed, waiting for thousands of years . . . waiting for us.
Evidence of Atlantis has already been found. Cuban archeologists in 1966
excavated a land-based megalithic structure on the western coast said to date
from 4000 BC. The mysterious megalithic structures discovered in the 1960s and
1970s in the sound between the Bahamas islands of North and South Bimini.
Megalithic structures reminiscent of pyramids, streets and buildings were
discovered in 2001on a great underwater plateau off the Guanahacabibes Peninsula
on Cuba's western tip. Three well-preserved skeletons were discovered in
underwater caves off the Caribbean coast of Yucatan during dives in 2001 and
2002. A charcoal sample found with one of the skeletons was carbon-dated to more
than 13,000 years ago - 11,000 B.C. This find represents the oldest carbon date
associated with any human bone remains found in the Americas. We are getting
close now, and it is only a matter of time.
© 2008 Jesse JB Neel