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THE GOD KING SCENARIO
by Gary Gilligan
Recent Planetary Chaos
In the 1950s, Immanuel Velikovsky, a Russian phychologist (1895-1979), wrote a book called ‘Worlds in Collision.' Although a bestseller, Velikovsky's theories were rejected or ignored by the academic community. Why was this?
Velikovsky stated that Venus was a new planet recently born from Jupiter and that along with Mars, Venus entered into encounters with Earth causing vast upheavals in early history. These cosmic ‘wars' affected the lives, beliefs and writings of early mankind.
Followers of Velikovsky (catastrophists) believe this to be true and science is slowly proving Velikovsky to be correct in a number of areas. For example, it is now generally accepted that Mars was once a planet very similar to Earth. Sometime in its past it suffered a cataclysmic upheaval which led to its now frozen desolate state.
Although lacking a feasible explanation, planetary scientists believe the demise of Mars occurred billions of years ago. On the other hand, catastrophists believe Mars was torn apart only a few thousand years ago. But how do we prove the Solar System is a smoking gun?
Although Velikovsky's supporters contend that science has largely been ignored, it will prove to be the ultimate judge and jury. However, a more immediate problem which faces catastrophists is mythology. In presenting a case for recent planetary chaos, catastrophists invariably turn to ancient myths and legends. This is unavoidable because, if such events occurred in historical times, then logically ancient cultures would have recorded them. Herein lies a major problem that has dogged catastrophists since Velikovsky's time.
Presenting ancient tales as proof that errant planets recently roamed the cosmos will never be accepted as valid evidence. There are too many interpretations, variables and inconsistencies. Mythology is a body of stories created by our ancestors to explain the nature of the universe and their place in it. With this mindset, it is not surprising that catastrophism has reached an impasse.
Is there a way forward?
Yes there is! As a fully fledged catastrophist, I believe the solar system has undergone a radical upheaval in the history of man and I intend to prove it. I will start by giving a brief overview of cosmic chaos to establish where these events were written down in history and not mythology.
Approximately 5,200 years ago (3200 BC), the solar system differed considerably from today. The planets Venus and Mercury did not exist and the Earth had no Moon. Mars was a lush green planet replete with land masses, oceans and an atmosphere. Mars harboured abundant life (intelligent life, but that's another story!) and was a replica of Earth, only half the size.
Cosmic chaos began when a giant interloper entered our solar system and smashed into Jupiter, the largest planet. It caused an apocalyptic explosion which resulted in the birth of Venus and unimaginable quantities of space debris. Among the debris was a small body which became our Moon.
The evidence for the initial cataclysmic explosion is still with us today in the form of Jupiter's Great Red Spot (erroneously believed to be a raging storm) and the Asteroid belt which is a rocky band of debris between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.
Shortly after its cataclysmic birth, Venus disturbed Mars from its stable orbit and they both took on highly erratic and elliptical orbits close to and in the vicinity of Earth's orbit. This led to hundreds of encounters with Earth in a ‘celestial dance' which lasted 3,000 years. It became a perennial cycle of death and rebirth as Mars and Venus moved back and forth to Earth.
After approximately 2,000 years of encounters with Earth, the huge gravitational and electromagnetic forces exerted upon Mars caused a momentous event. The tidal forces of Earth and Venus combined and tore out the heart of Mars. Its solid iron core, its working dynamo, was sucked out to become the planet known as Mercury (Egyptian Aten). A second ‘glorious sun-disk of all lands' was born!
The evidence for the genesis of Mercury is still visible today in the form of the Valles Marineris. This is an enormous scar on the surface of Mars with a length approximately the same diameter as Mercury. Surely this is no coincidence!
After its birth, Mercury joined Mars and Venus in their celestial encounters with Earth. For 700 to 800 years they were granted ‘life' as they approached Earth, only to ‘die' as they moved away to become gigantic stars in the Kingdom of Osiris.
Amidst this cosmic melee, the Moon, assisted by Mars and Venus was slowly pulled into orbit around the Earth. Its erratic orbit settled into its recognisable 28 ½ day monthly cycle in a process that took several hundred years.
The birth of Mercury signalled the beginning of the end of cosmic chaos. It was as though a cosmic elastic band snapped allowing the planets to move away from the Earth to settle into relatively stable orbits around the Sun. Mercury and Venus became the first and second rocks from the Sun respectively, while Earth was third and Mars was fourth leaving the Moon to become Earth's permanent companion.
Having proposed a sequential order of events, I will now prove that this information was recorded by our ancestors and is staring us in the face via ancient history .
You may be wondering where these events were recorded.
The God King Scenario
The key to cosmic chaos lies with one of the most awe inspiring civilisations – the ancient Egyptians. It is centred on the pinnacle of Egyptian society, the divine monarchy of ancient Egypt – the god kings or ‘living gods'. This is the crux of the theory.
The God King Scenario (GKS) proposes that in the first instance the monarchs of ancient Egypt were guises of the planets Mars, Venus, Mercury and the Moon each and every time they visited Earth; in the second instance they were represented on Earth via human doubles (kas) who were considered to be ‘at one' with these bodies.
The Egyptians deified everything from simple phenomena such as moisture (Tefnut) to our perennial Sun (Re) and the stars inhabiting the night sky. The planets in chaos were no exception. Mars and Venus, who were later joined by the Moon and Mercury, entered into hundreds of encounters with Earth. Each time they approached Earth, they were perceived as divine entities.
Yet these were not immortal, cosmological deities like the sun god Re, or the mothering goddesses Hathor and Isis. The planet-gods were mortal and became ‘living gods' as they approached Earth, only to die as they moved away to become gigantic stars. This was a temporary death before they were transported to the next world which was believed to be a very real, physical firmament above. The Egyptians simply called it Upper Egypt.
Although the planets were mortal, in the hierarchy of the divine cosmos they were awarded the second-highest accolade (the first being immortal godship). They were considered ‘divine' kings and queens sent down from heaven by universal gods to rule the Earth. They lived, died, fought great battles and performed wonderful acts as the true royal family of ancient Egypt .
In this male dominated world, Mars, Mercury and the Moon were perceived as ‘warrior' kings while Venus was regarded as the perennial ‘passive' queen or king's ‘great wife'. Mars, Mercury and the Moon ventured closer to Earth than Venus. Their location saw them take on the distinctly male trait of vanquishing incalculable amounts of space debris while Venus, a beautiful and loyal queen, watched from afar.
The Falcon-god Horus can be traced back to the dynastic period around 3100 BC and is one of the most famous gods of ancient Egypt. Usually depicited as a hawk or as a man with the head of a hawk, Horus was not only a god of the sky but the embodiment of divine kingship and protector of the reigning pharoah. Gradually the cult of other hawk gods merged with that of Horus, and a complex array of myths became associated with him.
The pharaohs reigned over Earth for varying lengths of time which accurately paralleled the chronological and historical record. When they dominated the heavens and ruled the Earth as the incarnation of the god Horus, they were given the familiar names and titles we recognise today:
This is just a sample of pharonic names – there were over 170 known pharaohs and just as many queens. They were first and foremost names given to planets sent down by the gods to rule the Earth. As such, they were all guises of planetary bodies which inhabited the skies some 4,000 years ago.
While the planets were deified as the true god-kings and queens of ancient Egypt, the incalculable amounts of space debris such as asteroids, comets, dust and gasses were also observed and deified. The larger chunks of rock and debris orbiting close to and around the astral monarchy were regarded as nobles, concubines, priests, priestesses, viziers, scribes, fan bearers, overseers and other dignitaries. The remaining space debris was perceived as the vile enemy of the monarchy and of Egypt.
The evil debris threatened to blot out the Sun (Re) and bring the universe into chaos (Seth). It was the role of the warrior god-king-planets of Mars, Mercury & the Moon to maintain ‘divine order' (ma'at) by ‘battling' up the space debris in an attempt to keep death and darkness and chaos at bay. This was a perennial conflict between good and evil that lasted for the duration of pharonic Egypt. Ironically, it was the godly planets that created the enemy in the first place.
We need to look among the dust, gasses and other solar phenomena to find the true ‘physical' identity of many of the mythical ‘sky-gods' who played such a prominent role in the lives of the ancient Egyptians. Sky gods such as Amun, Horus, Osiris, Seth, Isis and Hathor were not fictitious gods invented to explain the natural world; they were real, physical gods attributable to phenomena created as a result of cosmic chaos. These ‘sky-gods' are no longer visible because chaos has now subsided and the phenomena attributed to certain deities is no longer visible.
The exploits of the ‘astral monarchs' were meticulously recorded in the glorious images and ‘sacred' hieroglyphs adorning tombs and temple walls throughout pharonic Egypt . Every hieroglyph and image pointed to a time when the planets Mars and Venus (and later Mercury and the Moon) dominated the heavens as pharonic kings and queens. Scared carvings (hieroglyphs) provided details of their births, deaths, legendary ‘sky' battles, marriages, coronations, elaborate state visits and their interaction with the universal sky gods. They also recorded the actions and movements of the planets as well as 3,000 years of cosmic chaos and have virtually no connection with events on Earth.
If the true pharaohs were guises given to planetary bodies, how can the remains of numerous Pharaohs, queens and other royal dignitaries be found in the Cairo Museum? The reason is that these were mortal ‘doubles' – humans chosen to be at one with astral bodies (kas) to represent and interpret the will of the planetary gods. They were believed to be the incarnation of divine astral kings and queens.
According to ancient Egyptian custom, when a planet descended from heaven, it was perceived as a god-king of Earth. It was believed that such bodies were transposed entities of royalty and a human king was chosen to be ‘at one' with and act as a human manifestation of this planet. Each and every time a planet visited Earth it was represented with a human double. The Egyptians believed that everyone was born with an astral Ka (double) or soul - a real physical double. They would eventually unite at death to undertake a perilous journey to a life of eternity among the stars (akh). This belief is of paramount importance and should be taken face value.
As the human manifestation of astral bodies, the mortal kings and queens played no part in celestial events but were mere puppets to a far higher order. The true ‘rulers of everything encircled by the Sun' were the planetary ‘god-kings.' They literally held the power of life and death in their hands and their very location deemed them intermediaries between heaven and Earth – gods among gods. These kingly planets had a direct line to the sky gods whereas the mortal Egyptians only followed and recorded the doctrine of Heaven. Using ‘sacred hieroglyphs' the Egyptians meticulously carved the life-history of their astral kings and queens. This is the history that is staring us in the face!
The implications of my proposal are incredible. In effect I am proposing to rewrite history. With the current paradigm set in stone, I realise that I have a daunting task ahead of me covering many disciplines. However, the beauty of this theory is that I will be using accepted and recorded history to prove it. Mythology, which most catastrophists use to promote their ideas, will barely be mentioned.
I have provided a brief overview of the God King Scenario. I contend that the divine monarchy, the god kings of ancient times, were primarily names given to large planetary red orbs that dominated our skies only 4,000 years ago. The God King Scenario will serve as an umbrella title for a series of books in support of my thesis. I now present An Ancient World in Chaos which is the first book in the series.
An Ancient World in Chaos provides an overview of the entire scenario. Using simple logic and basic reasoning, I will turn history upside-down by using the most fascinating of ancient civilisations – Egypt . I will show conclusively how planetary chaos is staring us in the face via ancient history. I will take the history of this great nation and transfer it to the heavens just as the Egyptians understood it. I will demonstrate that the whole of pharonic Egypt was a period when the planets Mars, Venus, Mercury and the Moon (and space debris) played havoc with the Earth.
The legacy of cosmic chaos spans from the birth of civilization at around 3100 BC through to the birth of Christ. Scholars have looked for the answers to the mysteries of the past at ground level instead of listening to the ancient Egyptians and looking to the skies. A new world dawns in the heavens filled with astral kings and queens who lived and died and interacted with a myriad of enigmatic deities. This is the world of celestial pharonic Egypt and cosmic chaos.
At the very least I hope the above has stirred your imagination
sufficiently for you to want further information. If so, you can
purchase the first book in the series – An Ancient World in Chaos.
Tuthmosis (Moon) ... “Son of Ra, of his body, his beloved Tuthmosis, shining like Ra….."
Hatshepsut (Venus) ... "Live the Horus: Wosretkew; Favorite of the Two Goddesses; Fresh in Years; Golden Horus: Divine of Diadems; splendid part of her father, Amon-Ra, lord of heaven, who has not been far removed from the father of all gods, shining in brightness like the Horizon-God she illuminates like the sun (Ra), vivifying the hearts of the people, who is exalted in name so that it hath reached heaven."
Why are such 'shining' traits ignored by scholars? Am I the only one prepared to question these distinctly abnormal qualities apparently given to humans? Am I the only one listening the Ancient Egyptians? These ‘sacred' inscriptions are clearly alluding to celestial bodies - planetary bodies shone like the sun and as a result were naturally deemed as ‘offspring of Ra' .
The Egyptian Dualism – The Crux of the GKS
The God King Scenario (GKS) deems that the monarchy of ancient
Egypt were first and foremost names given to primarily Mars, Venus,
Mercury and the Moon as they repeatedly moved back and forth to
Earth in cosmic encounters lasting 3,000 years (Pharaonic Egypt) –
they were in the second instant represented here on earth, numerous
times over, by people who believed they were ‘at one’ with said
The GKS contends that the Egyptian ka (double) was not an invisible ‘spirit’ or ‘soul’ as per the conventional belief but personified planets, asteroids and comets that dominated ancient skies. Further, these celestial kas in the guise of god kings, divine queens and lesser dignitaries are primarily responsible for ancient history as it stands today (& the chronological mess its in!). With this in mind, what follows is a short essay discussing how the entire ‘duality concept’ worked and where it is clearly written down in history. It is the intention of the GKS to extract the Egyptian ka, and indeed the whole belief system surrounding it, from a mythological world and place in a very real world of chaos.
The Egyptians were resurrectionists; they believed that when they died they would be reborn as a star (akh) in the ‘kingdom of Osiris.’ They viewed the next world as a continuation of this one, a very real place where they could literally get up and go. Because Egypt was mainly agrarian, they believed the Hearafter was a place where they would spend their time farming. Many tomb paintings and papyri typically depicted the deceased wearing white loincloths or full length white attire; they were shown carrying out activities such as hacking up the Earth, pulling flax, reaping grain and ploughing or reaping the fields (Fig 1).
In preparation for the afterlife the Egyptians ensured a variety of Earthly possessions were buried with them. For example, the funerary items buried with the boy king Tutankhamun included a gold gilded wood chariot, gold daggers, sandals, a board game, a gold perfume box and food items such as mummified duck, dried beef, wheat, barley and wine. A total of 3,500 items were recovered and all were considered useful in the next world.
In order to attain a life in the ‘elysian fields,’ the body of the deceased had to be mummified; an elaborate process that took 70 days. The sole reason for mummification was to preserve the body so that the deceased could spend eternity in the next life. The Egyptians believed if you were not physically preserved in this world you would not exist in the next world. You would not be resurrected as a star (akh) or remain for eternity. If the deceased had a limb missing in this life, an artificial one was made and attached to the mummified body to enable the deceased to walk again in the afterlife.
To obtain a life of bliss and become a star/akh in the next world involved a hazardous journey fraught with incredible dangers and demons. To assist the deceased through these dangers, magical spells (the Book of the Dead) accompanied the dead; they were typically written on the coffins of the dead or on papyri and placed inside the coffins.
Where is the next world?
Much of what we know about ancient Egypt comes to us via the Egyptians obsession with the next world, but where is it? Where is this bigger and better Egypt?
Scholars believe it was a fictitious place which existed in the mythological world of the Egyptians; a made-up place created in minds of the Egyptians to explain what happened to them after death. I disagree with this reasoning.
I believe the next world was a ‘mirror image’ world which existed directly above the Earth and to the Egyptians it was a very real place, a divine land they could physically see and point to especially at night. It was a paradise that spanned the expanse of the cosmos and literally canopied the four corners of the Earth. It was a land all Egyptians who after undertaking a journey fraught with dangers (cosmic chaos) aspired to be reborn in, it was the land of space (Kemet = black land).
Of course, there is no land above. We know, after 4,000 years of science, that the stars shine against the backdrop of space and that space reaches out to infinity. The Egyptians, however, did not possess this scientific information and their outlook was childlike. It is this naivety which led the Egyptians (and indeed all ancient cultures) to believe that existing just beyond the blackness of space was a real, physical landmass.
A vast universal dome shaped firmament roofing the earth.
It is actually very easy to see the land above, it requires little effort, merely walking outside on a clear night, adopting a childlike outlook (something I’m good at) and looking up. A common sense notion soon reveals a seemingly flat unmovable earth and a sky that canopies or stretches out over it - heaven appears as a hemispherical dome (or hammered out bowl) covering the Earth. This is exactly how the ancients viewed it only with one major difference, the dome of heaven, space itself was perceived as a rigid cosmic land that literally canopied the fours corners of the Earth. It was held up by four cosmic posts symbolised by the Egyptian Djed pillar (fig 2). What we have here is two lands and since one was up and the other down the Egyptians called them the ‘two lands’ of Upper and Lower Egypt.
The ‘two lands’ of Upper and Lower Egypt = heaven and earth
The conventional definition of the ‘two lands,’ Upper and Lower Egypt is that it represents a geological north-south divide i.e. we have an invisible east-west line drawn somewhere near Cairo and the land to the south is called Upper Egypt and to the north (Delta) we have Lower Egypt. In my book I take this apparent set in stone premise apart by asking questions such as; the Nile River flows from south to north and naturally forms two great east and west land masses - how can this be ignored in favour of a invisible line drawn somewhere near Cairo? I further go on to discuss how the 'unification of the two lands' - the very foundation upon which Egypt was built (& ancient history) has nothing at all to do with the amalgamation of a 'invisible' north-south divide but was a planetary body in the guise of numerous pharaohs appearing to traverse between the 'two lands' of heaven and Earth, thus uniting them. In support of this I ask some very basic questions such as - why after unification did the symbolism (crowns etc.) of the two lands remain – why not one unified Egypt - one set of unified symbols? Why after unification were the kings depicted individually wearing either the white crown of Upper Egypt or the red crown of Lower Egypt? Why not show unity by wearing the double crown (shmty) at all times? Answer; the separate symbolism (and references) remained because even though the pharaonic planets carried out their duty to maintain 'divine order' (ma'at) by battling the forces of evil and uniting the 'two lands' - Upper and Lower Egypt were always two separate land masses. Of course there is much more to this, for further arguments for and against I refer you to my book and for now, we will take the premise that Upper and Lower Egypt, the ‘two lands’ were indeed referring to heaven and earth.
Upper Egypt – a dual world – as above, so below.
Upper Egypt should not be seen as the land of the dead, far from it, it was a parallel world coexisting alongside our Earthly world. Very much a vibrant land of the living as time itself followed the same day night cycle on earth. In taking up an intermediate location between the ‘two lands,’ this role fell to the perennial sun god Re. One sun inextricably linked the two parallel worlds - dawn on Earth was dawn above, daytime on Earth was daytime above, dusk on Earth was dusk above and night was night in both lands. The Sun was the perennial life-supporting orb which shone on the two kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt.
We need look no further than Re’s epithets to confirm not only the existence of the two worlds but also Re’s role in illuminating, and in his perpetual existence, seemingly protecting them.
‘Illuminator of the two lands’
Many authors have proposed this ‘as above, so below’ concept, and Egyptologists are fully aware of the Egyptians concept of duality. I take this one step further and give the whole thing real physical presence. I would ask the question, would the ancient Egyptians be so obsessed with, and put so much of the nation’s resources into a duel world they couldn’t physically see?
How to get to this land
Having given real physical presence to the next world and identified
it as Upper Egypt a world coexisting with this one, we can now turn
our attention into getting there. This is where we get to the crux
of the GKS and the bonding of mortals with astral bodies.
The physical body, the ka, ba and akh
The Egyptians believed each individual person was made up of many parts; the physical body, the ka, the ba, the akh, the name and the shadow. With a childlike outlook on the cosmos, it is easy to understand why the Egyptians believed that the shadows we cast have a spiritual existence. Our shadow is always with us and to a certain extent it appears to watch over us and protect us eternally. It was also reasonable for this ancient culture to believe a person’s name was vital regarding the afterlife. They believed that simply mentioning the name of the deceased brought that person to life. However, of greater importance was the ba, ka akh and the physical body. If we consider these we will understand how humans were ‘paired’ with astral bodies.
Scholars do not understand the ka, ba and akh, or anything connected to the ‘soul.’ They cannot grasp how and why the Egyptians came to the belief that each person consisted of so many ‘spiritual’ parts. They are also at a loss to explain the true purpose and role of each part or ‘soul’. They assume the entire spiritual concept is yet another aspect of a totally bewildering world.‘
The precise meaning of ka, ba, ach (akh),`shm (sekhem) and so on is no longer clear to us. Well-meaning scholars try again and again and again to force the Egyptian idea of the soul into our traditional categories without enabling us to understand even a little of it any better.’ (Poortman, 1978)
I will offer a very simple and plausible explanation for the roles of the ba, ka and akh based solely on the convictions of the ancient Egyptians and the real world of celestial chaos.
The physical body was very important. As resurrectionists, the
Egyptians believed they would simply ‘get up and go’ in the next
world’. It was therefore necessary to keep a person’s earthly
form intact which is why the Egyptians mummified the dead.
Fig 3 The God Khnum
The ka was the physical ‘double’ – it came
into existence the moment a person was born. On many occasions the
creator-god Khnum was shown modelling the ka on a potter’s wheel
at the same time as he was forming the body of a human (fig 3).
Many tombs and temples had false doors and these were west-orientated and served as a link between the living and the dead. Offerings were typically made to the ka before the false doors. After death, the ka was ‘at rest’ whilst the body was prepared and mummified. The ka was then reactivated so that the spiritual transformation of rebirth in the ‘next world’ could take place. The deceased then travelled to join their ka and by doing so, the link to the next-world through their tomb was established. The ka was represented as a hieroglyph consisting of a pair of arms pointing upwards. It was believed the two outstretched arms magically warded off evil forces (Fig 4).
Giving physical identity to the ‘ka’
As discussed, 4,000 years ago the whole solar system was engulfed in space debris; the skies of Earth were dominated by kingly planets and littered with incalculable amounts of asteroids and comets of various shapes and sizes. The Egyptians regarded the planets, stars, asteroids and comets as real beings. They were not lumps of rock or dirty snowballs (asteroids and comets) as we know them, but real living, breathing individuals. They were also perceived to be physical ‘doubles’ of people living on Earth – they were the kas of the Egyptians.
Herein lies the key to understanding the Egyptian idea of the ‘soul’
and the entire ‘double’ concept. From the Egyptian perspective,
a ka was not an individual being living a separate life in another
world or dimension; it was not a spiritual part of a human as with
our understanding of ‘soul.’ It was a real astral ‘twin’ or
stellar ‘double’ living a parallel existence, totally ‘at one’
The following is taken from Queen Hatshepsut’s mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahri. It is a request from Amun to Khnum for the creation of Hatshepsut and her ka.
‘Amen-Ra called for Khnum, the creator, the fashioner of the bodies of men.’
'Fashion for me the body of my daughter and the body of her ka,’
said Amen-Ra, ‘A great queen shall I make of her, and honour and
power shall be worthy of her dignity and glory.’
‘So Khnum fashioned the body of Amen-Ra's daughter and the body of her ka, the two forms exactly alike and more beautiful than the daughters of men. He fashioned them of clay with the air of his potter's wheel and Heqet, goddess of birth, knelt by his side holding the sign of life towards the clay that the bodies of Hatshepsut and her ka might be filled with the breath of life.’ (My bold emphasis)
This is a perfect example of the god Khnum simultaneously creating
two exact forms of the same person; the god Khnum fashioned two
identical Hatshepsut’s – one human and the other her ka or
celestial ‘double.’ In this particular case it was a guise of
the planet Venus (the majority of queens were guises of Venus). In
other words this was a guise of Venus plus a mortal representative.
Traits dictating roles.
The behavioural traits of these bodies dictated their roles and how they were perceived and this was drawn from the natural world. For example, rocky bodies orbiting around the monarchy were viewed as members of the royal court, fan bearers, scribes, overseers, concubines or right-hand men. The legions of rocks trailing behind Mars were the rank and file soldiers of the king. ‘Shaven headed’ moons that orbited Earth were seen as the ‘all powerful’ priests of Egypt. The skies of earth were teeming with masses of cometary bodies and all were paired with or perceived to be the kas of humans. This included the enemy forces – the swarms of debris that smashed into the god kings were ‘doubles’ of the enemy on Earth.
It was not possible for each and every person to associate with their respective double - size was the determining factor here. Mortal kings, queens, courtiers, priests and other dignitaries could make a connection easily due to their association with the dominating planets, moons and other large bodies. However, commoners were associated with asteroids and comets and, because of their relatively small size, it was difficult to identify their respective kas. Nevertheless, all Egyptians vehemently believed in a ‘double’ above due to a belief brought about by cosmic chaos and a sky crowded with infinite bodies. We can see the celestial ka at work from the following inscriptions, all taken from the translations of J H Breasted.
"That which the ka does, is to reign," the phrase is not
uncommon for royalty.
Although existing above, a ‘double’ occupied a totally separate location to the divine stars. Stars dwelt in Upper Egypt which was the divine firmament whereas ‘doubles’ occupied an intermediate or transitional location somewhere between the ‘two lands’ (Fig 9 bottom of the page). This, from the perspective of Earth, was roughly the same location as the ruling planets, the Sun and many of Egypt’s enigmatic ‘sky gods.’ In effect, there were three basic locations and all of them were perceived to be inhabited by real beings. Lower Egypt or Earth was home to humans, an intermediate region was occupied by human ‘doubles,’ and Upper Egypt or the ‘land above’ was home to the complete and eternal form of humans, the ‘all powerful’ stars. In simple terms there were two lands, one up one down, and an intermediate space in-between.
Although further research is required, I believe that by occupying the intermediate space, all Egyptian ‘doubles’ were involved with pharaoh’s court.
Thutmose III: The Napata Stela.
"He shall be at the head of all the kas of the living."
"He does it so that life will be given (him). He (Tuthmosis = Moon) shall be at the head of the kas of all the living, appearing glorious as king of Upper and Lower Egypt on the throne of Horus like Re." (note; "like Re," RED orbs just like the RED sun).
They took on roles such as viziers, overseers, fan bearers and foot soldiers and did not undertake agrarian tasks such as farming. Unlike Upper and Lower Egypt which were fixed lands where ploughing, sowing, reaping and harvesting took place, the intermediate space was not a firmament. It resembled a magical ‘transitional’ space; a world where pharaohs rode chariots of gold and electrum and where cosmic battles were fought (the wars and battles of the pharaohs). It was a place of activity where evil (Seth) was an ever-present threat.
Life in the intermediate space was precarious and restless for all kas and this was in total contrast to the lifestyle of the divine Egyptians who had reached ‘heaven’ and who enjoyed a peaceful existence. Here ordinary Egyptians enjoyed more leisurely activities such as hunting and farming. This was recorded in the glorious afterlife scenes painted on the tomb walls of the ordinary Egyptians (Fig 1). Royalty were an exception and upon ‘rebirth’ in the ‘elysian fields,’ the pharaohs could take on any form they chose.
Despite the possibility of taking on slightly different roles,
humans and their ‘doubles’ coexisted simultaneously; one existed
on Earth and the other inhabited the transition world above.
However, at death a person united with their ka to journey to the
The ba was considered to be an individual’s distinctive manifestation similar to our concept of personality. It comprised all non-physical attributes which made a human unique. It was the entire deceased person with its own identity and was not separate from the body. In Ptolemaic and Roman times it was said of the deceased: ‘May his ba live before Osiris.’ The ba was depicted as a human headed bird (the head of the deceased) with human arms and the ba-bird could assume whatever shape it wished.
Having identified the ka, the ba is self explanatory. It was necessary for the deceased to journey from their tomb to unite with their ka if they were to be transformed into an akh (star). As the physical body could not do this, it was the job of the individual’s ba to do this. After death, the ba-bird collected the deceased’s personality from the mummified remains and took it to be reunited with the deceased’s physical astral ‘twin.’ Only after this union, when a person was ‘complete,’ was it possible for them to be reborn as an ‘effective one’ in the ‘next world,’ the ‘black land’ of space. Fig 6 depicts a persons ba in the process of transferring its personality from the deceased for a union with its ka.
Although this point was not entirely clear, it is possible that the process of transferring one’s ‘manifestation’ took time, with the ba flitting between the mummified remains and the ka to ensure every aspect of its humanity was transferred to its ‘double’ above. It was therefore helpful for the perfectly persevered body to lie in state in its tomb. This gave the ba-bird plenty of time to relocate every aspect of the deceased person’s personality as it carried out its duty. This time-span was probably adopted from observations of Mars as it was slowly wrapped in white linen (like a spiral galaxy) as it moved away from Earth. Mummification and the wrapping of acres of linen bandages around the deceased invented as a direct result of such observations (The black jackal headed god Anubis coming into play here).
The bird form was chosen because of its ability to navigate land, sea, air and space, although the Egyptians were unaware that space was devoid of air. They believed that conditions above were similar to those on Earth, particularly in relation to Upper Egypt which was exactly the same as Earth, only better. The Egyptians believed all astral bodies were living kas. After death, it made sense to use the ba-bird as a manifestation of oneself to provide a direct link to ones ka. Dying was referred to as going to one's ka .
Once the ba and ka were united and the astral ‘twin’ was ‘complete’,
a final journey to the ‘next world’ was undertaken. This was a
journey fraught with dangers as the body traveled from a chaotic
intermediate location to the relative tranquility of heaven. Chaos
posed an ever-present threat in the transitional location and
Egyptians therefore needed assistance. Magical funerary spells and
amulets were used to help guarantee a safe passage. Known as the ‘Book
of the Dead,’ spells were written on papyri and placed in coffins
or were put in magical amulets and wrapped in mummy bandages. Much
time and resources were spent assisting the dead to the ‘next
world’ where they were transformed into the ultimate form – that
of an immortal akh.
The akh (star)
Below are typical Egyptian stars to be found on many tomb ceilings (Fig 8). This is a very unusual way to draw a star, this is because it represents the limbs and head of a human being i.e. two arms, two legs and the head.
It always surprises me that the Egyptian belief in the transformation of humans into stars after death is brushed aside as a bizarre belief which cannot be explained. Yet this belief provides invaluable information – the Egyptians were not only showing themselves transposed as stars, but they were also revealing the location of their ‘next world.’ This was the hemispherical blackness of space which canopied the four corners of Earth. It was the ‘next world’ which all ancient cultures were obsessed with and which all aspired to be reborn in.
The meaning of akh as ‘effective one’ or ‘powerful one’ should be regarded as a descriptive name or title. This is because, although the name refers to the stars above, they were individual humans and each maintained their own distinct personalities and individual names. These were the traits and names given to them while they were on Earth.
This is the world as seen through Egyptian eyes. The Egyptians believed that at birth, two of them were created - an earthly form and a sky double or ka which dwelt in the intermediate space between heaven and Earth - Upper and Lower Egypt. After they died, and by means of the ba bird transferring their personality, the earthly form would unite with its astral double to undertake a final and hazardous journey to a very real firmament above. Here a life of immortality was attained among the stars. This entire afterlife ‘next world’ belief was a direct result of planetary bodies, in the guise of god kings, traversing between our ‘flat’ Earth and the hemispherical dome of heaven.
To my knowledge at least two major religions, Catholicism and Islam hold the same basic ‘dual' belief i.e. when a person is born two entities of the same person are created, the physical form and a ‘soul,' and after death, as with the Egyptians, a union takes place enabling the completed form to attain a life immortal in the ‘heavens.'
Here we have direct borrowings from early Egyptian beliefs only eons of time has seen the understanding of ‘ka' or ‘soul' and indeed heaven itself to become lost. Planetary bodies no longer move back and forth between two fixed lands, cosmic chaos has all but subsided; the gods have retreated and left mankind to fend for himself – astral doubles or ‘souls' are now an invisible force, a spiritual life form and science has now deemed the ‘black land' ( kemet ) above to have infinite qualities, it is no longer a bowl shaped firmament covering the earth – both 'heaven' and 'soul' are now truly in the eye and mind of the beholder.
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